Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
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The Economic Research Institute, Stockholm School of Economics SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Business Administration

No 2001:7:
P/E-ratios in Relative Valuation - a Mission Impossible?

Kenth Skogsvik () and Stina Skogsvik ()

Abstract: Relative P/E-ratio valuation apparently still plays an important role among investment research analysts and advisors (cf. Goldman Sachs,1999). In a valuation model of this kind, the value of owners´equity is typically calculated as a function of an observed P/E-ratio for some peer company, or the mean/median P/E-ratio for some group of peer companies. The research question being addressed in the paper is concerned with the validity of a benchmark P/E-ratio being assessed in this way. Assuming that there is only one peer company, the importance of differences (between the company being valued and its peer company) with regard to the book return on owners´equity and the growth of owners´equity have been investigated. In the main, it is shown that relative P/E-ratio valuation will not be able to handle differences in the expected book return or growth of owners´equity. In an empirical context, however, controlling for industry and the expected book return for next year, together with some modification of the valuation model itself, can improve the quality of earnings-based relative valuation.

Keywords: equity valuation; financial statement analysis; P/E-ratio; relative valuation; valuation modelling; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: G12; M41; (follow links to similar papers)

29 pages, April 30, 2001

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This paper is published as:
Skogsvik, Kenth and Stina Skogsvik, (2008), 'P/E-ratios in Relative Valuation - a Mission Impossible?', Investment Management and Financial Innovations, Vol. 5, No. 4 (continued), pages 237-248

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