(), Isak Barbopoulus
, Ida Nilsson
, Linda Holmberg
, Magdalena Thulin
, Malin Wendeblad
, Lisa Andén
and Emelie Davidsson
Leif Denti: Gothenburg Research Institute, Postal: University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, PO Box 500, SE 405 30 ,
Isak Barbopoulus: Department of Psychology, Postal: University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, PO Box 500, SE 405 30 ,
Ida Nilsson: Valentin & Byhr
Linda Holmberg: University of Skövde
Magdalena Thulin: University of Skövde
Malin Wendeblad: University of Skövde
Lisa Andén: University of Skövde
Emelie Davidsson: University of Skövde
Abstract: The emergence of the Internet has made it easier for people to socially interact than ever before. Today, the most popular channel is Facebook with over 845 million users world wide. In Sweden, the number of users amount to approximately half of the population. We had two aims with this study. First, we investigate which areas of Facebook usage that Swedish Facebook users consider more important vis-a-vis less important. We were also interested in how users convey their persona through t... merheir status updates, including what they status update about, and the underlying reasons for updating one’s status. Second, we investigate what psychological effects Facebook may induce. More specifically, we look at the psychological constructs self-esteem and well-being in relation to Facebook usage. We surveyed 1011 Swedish Facebook users with our questionnaires, measuring respondents’ Facebook usage patterns, well-being and self-esteem. Our analyses revealed that on average Swedish women spend 81 minutes per day on Facebook, whereas Swedish men are logged on to the site about 64 minutes per day. Generally, Facebook is used for social network maintenance, such as maintaining contact with people one doesn’t meet so often. However, Facebook is seldom used for meeting new people. Another finding is that Facebook users generally tend to update their status about positive events, major events and when they are feeling well, rather than negative events and when they are feeling bad. Women seem to be more engaged and active on Facebook than men, agreeing that a vast number of uses is significantly more important. Furthermore, women tend to write more about their thoughts and feelings, whereas twice as many men state that they provoke others on Facebook. Pertaining to Facebook’s psychological effects, the amount of time spent on Facebook had no relationship with self-esteem when controlling for gender, age, education and income. $is result runs counter to previous findings. However, women who spend more time on Facebook report feeling less happy and feel less content with their lives. For men, this relationship was not evident. The study teaches that Facebook is used as a tool for affiliating with friends and family, as well as a personal showcase, where users show their positive sides. Herein lies also a danger. When Facebook users compare their own lives with others’ seemingly more successful careers and happy relationships, they may feel that their own lives are less successful in comparison.
38 pages, March 6, 2012
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