Scandinavian Working Papers in Business Administration

Working Papers,
Stockholm School of Economics, Center for Educational Leadership and Excellence

No 21/1: More Schools, Less Trouble? Competition and Schools’ Work Environment, Sweden 1999–2011

Abiel Sebhatu (), Karl Wennberg (), Erik Lakomaa () and Maria Brandén ()
Additional contact information
Abiel Sebhatu: Institute for Analytical Sociology (IAS), Linköping University & Center for Education and Leadership Excellence, Postal: Stockholm School of Economics, P.O. Box 6501, 113 83 Stockholm
Karl Wennberg: Center for Education and Leadership Excellence, Postal: Stockholm School of Economics, P.O. Box 6501, 113 83 Stockholm
Erik Lakomaa: Institute for Economic and Business History Research (EHFF), Postal: Stockholm School of Economics, P.O. Box 6501, 113 83 Stockholm
Maria Brandén: Dep. of Sociology, Stockholm University & Institute for Analytical Sociology (IAS), Linköping University

Abstract: We bridge research on work environment and competition among schools using detailed data on complaints and incidents of disorder and violence in all Swedish schools 1999-2011. Findings suggest that competition is associated with lower levels of complaints across educational levels. For lower secondary schools, municipalities with high levels of school competition experience higher levels of violence in schools. To assess the causal effects of competition on work environment, we compare municipalities that have introduced competition with those that have not in a difference–in–difference framework, finding that only school complaints in upper secondary schools decrease after competition is introduced.

Keywords: School; competition; Work; environment

JEL-codes: D49; H40; I21; J28

40 pages, September 21, 2021

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