Working Papers, School of Business, Örebro University
Do Firms Learn by Exporting or Learn to Export? Evidence from Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) in Swedish Manufacturing
(), Kent Eliasson
() and Markus Lindvert
Abstract: Using a matching approach, we compare the productivity
trajectories of future exporters and matched and unmatched non-exporters.
Future exporters have higher productivity than do unmatched non-exporters
before entry into the export market, which indicates self-selection into
exports. More interestingly, we also find a productivity increase among
future exporters relative to matched non-exporters 1-2 years before export
entry. However, the productivity gap between future exporters and matched
non-exporters does not continue to grow after export entry. Our results
suggest that learning-to-export occurs but that learning-by-exporting does
not. In contrast to previous studies on Swedish manufacturing, we focus
particularly on small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)
Keywords: productivity; learning-to-export; learning-by-exporting; matching; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: D24; F14; (follow links to similar papers)
35 pages, November 16, 2009
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- Publication Data:
- Published as Hansson, Pär, Kent Eliasson and Markus Lindvert, 'Do Firms Learn by Exporting or Learn to Export? Evidence from Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) in Swedish Manufacturing' in Small Business Economics, 2012, pages 453-472.
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